Bone graft materials are applied to replace and regenerate bone matrix lost by various reasons such as tooth extraction, cystectomy or bone atrophy following loss of teeth or inflammatory processes. For the filling of bone defects, the patient‘s own (autologous) bone is considered the „gold standard“, because of its biological activity due to vital cells and growth factors. Nevertheless, the harvesting of autologous bone requires a second surgical site associated with an additional bony defect and potential donor site morbidity.
In addition, the quantity of autologous bone is limited. Today, due to a constant development bone graft materials provide a reliable and safe alternative to autologous bone grafts. Clinicians can choose between a variety of different bone graft materials and augmentation techniques.